The Distributed Music Appreciation Class
and the Indiana University Digital Music Library Project/Variations2
Presented by:
Jay Fern, Roberta Lindsey, and Erik Scull
June 21, 2002

Meet the Team
(Music History Component)

DML/Variations2 Tools
Purchase of Recordings
Copyright Research/Justification of “Fair Use”
Streaming Audio
Security Script for Virtual Classroom

$3 million, 4-year grant from DLI Phase 2 (NSF)
Faculty: Music, Information Science, Law, Computer Science
Librarians and technologists: IU Libraries, University IT Services
Bloomington and Indianapolis campuses (IUPUI)
7 Satellite Sites
Illinois, Northwestern, Univ. of Massachusetts;
the UK (Kings College, Loughborough Univ., Oxford);
Japan (Waseda Univ.).

IUDML/Variations2-Project Goals
Provide users access to a multimedia collection of music in a variety of formats and musical styles
Develop multiple user applications on a single foundation of content and technology (e.g., music library services, music education)
Develop a software system that integrates music in multiple media and formats: audio, video, score images, score notation
Provide a basis for digital library research (e.g., usability, intellectual property, metadata)

IUDML/Variations2-Research Areas
Music Theory Instruction
Music Instruction/OnCourse
(Music History Component)
System Design

Variations2 – Projected Outcomes
Users will be able to…
listen to sound recordings (audio streams over various networks)
browse and display images of printed scores
view encoded score notation files
have notation translated into MIDI format for audio playback
use links to connect a musical work in one format to a representation in a different format
view video recordings of musical performances


"The material is based upon..."
The material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 9909068.
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

OnCourse and the DML
Conduit between DML tool developers, Music History/Appreciation curriculum team and the e-learning platform
Support Variations2 Tools in Oncourse
Develop a single sign-on authentication environment to secure materials with no roster administration through Oncourse.

About Oncourse
Internally developed, web based elearning system
No html programming needed for use
SIS system integrated for courses and rosters.

Oncourse Growth

Oncourse Growth

Oncourse Growth

Oncourse Growth

Three Phases:  Music History Component
Phase One:  incorporating digitized music into the “virtual” classroom
Phase Two:  developing & incorporating tutorials using Flash/Director of musical forms into the “virtual” classroom.
Phase Three:  developing & incorporating interactive musical resources into the “virtual” classroom.

Steps in Phase One:
Investigating copyright “fair use” & the internet; []
Insuring the e-learning platform would uphold the DML/Variations2 materials;
Listing pieces for digitization;
Locating/purchasing recordings;
Digitizing the music;
Assigning specific homework relating to the students’ lessons;
Assessing the course using “Flashlight” Survey Tools.

Steps in Phase Two:
NEW:  Develop Tutorials (using Flash, Director, HTML);
Incorporation/Comparison of Flashlight Surveys;
Select Music;
Digitize Music;
Continue to develop homework assignments specific to material.

Steps in Phase Three:
Fine tune Tutorials;
Develop New Tutorials;
Define specific learning objectives;
Incorporate materials from:
R=Resources (for)
L=Learning (and)

IUPUI’s Principals of Undergraduate Learning
Core Communication and Quantitative Skills;
Critical Thinking;
Integration and Application of Knowledge;
Intellectual Depth, Breadth, and Adaptiveness;
Understanding Society and Culture;
Values and Ethics.
Definitions available at:

Erik Scull’s Role:
To prepare streaming digital audio files to be accessed by students at distance from the “Tools” section of the Oncourse virtual classroom.
To develop Flash/Director Tutorials specific to musical material and learning objectives.

Streaming Media
Definition (from “”):
A technique for transferring data such that it can be processed as a steady and continuous stream.

What is Streaming?
The “Leaky Bucket” Analogy:  Imagine a bucket with a small hole in the bottom being filled with a hose.  If the hose adds water to the bucket faster than the holes lets it out, there will be a continuous stream of water from the bottom of the bucket.  Thus the hole is the audio file and the hose is the internet connection.

If data is played faster than the internet connection can provide for, then the playback becomes erratic and rough.
Buffering temporarily stops the hole (in the bucket) or the media file and allows water (data) to collect in the bucket (buffer).

Step 1: Acquisition of Source Recordings
Compact Disc (most common)
Tape or other analog source
Digital file (.mpg, .wav, etc.)

Step 2a: Preparing Audio for RealProducer
CD: CDDA utility or “ripper” by separating out specific track.

Step 2b: Preparing Audio for RealProducer
Tape (analog): Convert to digital audio (.wav) with Sound Forge 4.5 (available in CTL)

Step 2c: Preparing Audio for RealProducer
Digital Files from IU Bloomington (VARIATIONS):
These files are in mpeg-1, layer 2 (.mp2) format, which is a format accepted by RealProducer—no conversion to .wav is needed.

Step 3: Conversion to RealMedia “SureStream” Format

Trimming Down VARIATIONS Files:

Step 4: Upload to Streaming Server

Step 5: Creating Link to Streaming Files from the Oncourse Virtual Classroom.

What the Students See:

Flash Tutorial:  12-Bar Blues

Roberta Lindsey’s Role:
Professor of Record for Music History Component;
Develop lists for DML/Variations2 Librarians at IU and IUPUI;
Complete Checklists for “Fair Use;”
Create and Implement Lesson Plans involving Supplemental Listening Assignments using DML/Variations2 materials in OnCourse.

Lesson Plan for DML/Variations2 Supplemental Listening Material
Student listen to Supplemental Material to:
Understand the use of Baroque academic fugue as a “new” device in musical theatre;
b) Recognize variants of same piece as sung by different performers;
c) recognize impact of  “folk” revolution on American popular music.

OnCourse Location for DML/ Variations2 Supplemental Listening Assignment 13

Supplemental Listening Material
General Assignment
Students required to listen to particular pieces;
Use a Threaded Discussion format to answer questions and provide comments to their peers and to the instructors.

Threaded Discussion

Threaded Discussion: Initial Questions

Threaded Discussion:
                       Student Response

Threaded Discussion:  Comments

Flash Tutorial:  12-Bar Blues

Adding Web-sites to Assignments

Practice Matrix

Reference Web-Sites (1)
Indiana University Digital Music Library/Variations2 Project:
IUPUI Copyright Management Center:

Reference Web-Site (2)
IUPUI Principles of Undergraduate Learning:

The Distributed Music Appreciation Class
and the Indiana University Digital Music Library Project/Variations2
Presented by:
Jay Fern, Roberta Lindsey, and Erik Scull
June 21, 2002